Many of you are probably familiar with the popular video game and TV series "Pokémon." While I myself never got into it, a few months ago, I did a post about the axolotl, a fascinating little salamander. While I was researching the post (which you can view by clicking HERE), I found that a Pokémon called Wooper was based off of the axolotl. I thought this was pretty funny, as I thought that no one had ever really heard of the axolotl, much less based a video game character after it! The more digging I did, the more I realized that this is a fairly common theme: a great many Pokémon are based off of real animals, both living and dead! So I thought that for the birthday post of my good friend Masaki Kleinkopf, we could look at the Top Ten Pokémon Inspired By Real Animals!
1. Farfetch'd - Duck
According to my Pokémon sources (AKA the Internet), the Farfetch'd is supposed to live in and around water, just like a real duck! It's also supposed to taste pretty good: again, like a real duck!
2. Lanturn - Anglerfish
Probably one of the freakiest animals in the animal kingdom, the deep-sea loving anglerfish bait other fish closer with the so-called "esca" on its head. The little fish swim closer, attracted to the bioluminescence emanating from the esca, and then the anglerfish snaps them up. The name of this Pokémon is clearly an homage to this glowing appendage.
3. Shieldon - Ceratopsian
The ceratopsians are a large group of dinosaurs containing one of the most famous dinosaurs of all time: Triceratops. Although most sources state that Shieldon is based off of Triceratops, the Pokémon differs in that it has no horns. This makes a more likely candidate for the origin of Shieldon another, more primitive ceratopsian called Protoceratops. If you click on the link to a post HERE and scroll down to the second picture, you can see a picture of the skull of Protoceratops.
4. Sandslash - Pangolin
The Pokémon called Sandslash is clearly based off of a funny, but quite fascinating, animal called the pangolin. Sandlash features the dermal armor of the pangolin (a fancy way of saying "armor formed from hardened skin, akin to the armadillo"), as well as the massive claws. The claws, in both the pangolin and, apparently, Sandslash, can be used to attack potential threats, as well as burrowing. The pangolin uses its claws to burrow into termite mounds, consuming them by the thousands. Sandslash can also roll into a ball to defend itself from attack, just like the pangolin: however, I don't think that the pangolin can roll away from its attacker while in "ball mode." For a song about dermal armor that features, amongst many other things, the pangolin, click HERE!
5. Relicanth - Coelacanth
Relicanth is based off of a very unassuming, but entirely fascinating, fish called the coelacanth. For many, many years, conventional wisdom had dictated that the coelacanth went extinct at the end of the Cretaceous Period, along with the non-avian dinosaurs, the pterosaurs, and the massive marine reptiles. This assumed extinction was backed up by the fact that no fossils had been discovered, at least none that had been positively attributed to the coelacanth. It wasn't until 1938, when a live coelacanth was pulled up off the coast of Madagascar, that scientists realized that perhaps the coelacanth wasn't quite as dead as they thought it was. Since then, other sites along the coast of Africa, as well as in Indonesia, have yielded live coelacanths, giving the prehistoric fish a title it very much deserves: a living fossil. According to the Pokédex in the game (a sort of encyclopedia that talks all about the different Pokémon), the Relicanth was also recently discovered, and is also labeled as a "living fossil."
6. Tirtouga - Archelon
So apparently, some Pokémon can evolve, which is another cool and clever way of adding science into video games without making the video games dumb and boring. Apparently, the Pokémon Tirtouga isn't necessarily based off of the massive sea turtle Archelon, but Tirtouga actually evolved into another Pokémon called Carracosta that is based off of Archelon. Tirtouga appears to be based off of either the extant (still living, opposite of extinct) leatherback sea turtle, or perhaps another extinct sea turtle called Protostega. Either way, all three sea turtles look pretty much the same!
7. Archen - Archaeopteryx
It's in the name: clearly, the name Archen is based off of the name Archaeopteryx, a fossil bird that is widely considered to be the missing link (at least the first in a long line of links) between dinosaurs and birds. First discovered in the 1800s, the feathered fossil of Archaeopteryx helped famed naturalist Charles Darwin and his followers to promote his ideas about evolution and natural selection. According to the Pokédex, Archen is not able to fly, leading people to speculate that Archen is also based partly off of other, non-flying feathered dinosaurs, such as Velociraptor or Deinonychus.
8. Lileep - Crinoids
Up until last week, I'd never devoted a whole lot of thought to the evolutionary relationships of a fascinating group of creatures called crinoids. In my mind, if they look like plants, they're probably plants! Well, I was wrong: the crinoids are actually echinoderms, just like sea urchins and sea stars, and are actually animals! I also didn't realize that crinoids were still around today: I knew that there were a ton of them in the past, but I didn't realize that some of them had survived to the present day! Many people believe that Lileep is based off of these strange animals, and it's not too hard to see the resemblance!
9. Cranidos - Pachycephalosaurus
Of all of the pachycephalosaurs, Pachycephalosaurus seems like the most likely candidate for the inspiration of the strange Pokémon called Cranidos. The main means of attack of this Pokémon is by head-butting its opponents, a means of combat long attributed to the pachycephalosaurs. This head-butting is currently under a lot of scrutiny, with some paleontologists saying that yes, of course pachycephalosaurs head-butted each other, in the same fashion that bighorn sheep do today. On the other hand, some paleontologists say that there is no way these guys could head-butt each other, as their necks would simply snap after a few impacts. Other paleontologists believe that they did use their heads for head-butting, but not in the way that the previous two groups were hypothesizing: instead of getting a running start and then cracking heads, bighorn sheep style, they would instead just lock heads without the running start, like many types of deer and elk that spar today. Still others propose that maybe these dinosaurs were smacking each other in the side or in the flank. Like many facets of paleontology, we may never know what, exactly, they did with their craniums.
10. Anorith - Anomalocaris
This is the Pokémon that really inspired me to do a post like this. Anomalocaris is one of my favorite animals because it is just so weird looking! Living in the Cambrian Period, about 500 million years ago (MYA), Anomalocaris is definitely one of those animals that does not get a lot of the limelight. Often found amongst the various and assorted crazies from the Burgess Shale in Canada, Anomalocaris is definitely something that I never expected to be in a video game! Nevertheless, here it is!
This was the birthday post of Masaki Kleinkopf! Happy birthday, Masaki! If you have a birthday coming up, just email me the date at firstname.lastname@example.org with the date and your favorite animals, and I will do my best to get a post in! And if you like what you are reading, please feel free to follow us here or via Facebook!